Use coupon code "SAVE20" to get FLAT 20% Off


Your Cart is Empty

Back To Shop

Types of Horseback Riding Styles You Should Know About

Types of Horseback Riding Styles

Originally introduced by the Sred ni Stog culture, horseback riding styles was introduced to mankind approximately 6000 years ago. Since then, this particular activity has seen many variations and reformations. However, the one thing that remains unchanged is the very essence that connects the rider and the equine. When a strong bond is formed, it not only makes your ride safe but also ensures that you are intricately connected with nature. This includes understanding your four-legged companion as well as choosing the best horseback riding styles. From Western to English, Dressage to Rodeo there are many forms to choose from.
Now coming to the main part, here are the various forms of  equine riding techniques.

See Also: Ultimate Guide: What to Wear Horseback Riding?

Types of Horseback Riding Styles

1. Western Horseback Riding Styles

Western Horseback Riding Styles

The Essence of Western Riding:

Western riding is a quintessentially American riding style that traces its roots back to the working cowboys of the American West. Mostly used for cattle herding and other ranch life activities, this style is often projected in motion pictures, such as Zorro’s Horse Tornado, Pale Rider, Delirious, etc.

Features of Western Saddles:

One of the defining features of Western riding is the Western saddle. These saddles are characterized by their larger pommel (front) and cantle (back), designed to provide stability and security during long days in the saddle.

Western Riding Today:

Today, Western riding has evolved into a competitive sport with variations of its own. Some include rodeo events like bull riding, barrel racing, and team roping, where a team of horseback riders compete amongst each other. Such events are immensely popular and are mostly held in the western parts of the United States.

2. English Horseback Riding Styles

English Horseback Riding Styles

The Classic Equestrian Discipline:

A style that gains its roots from the initial records of European horsemanship, English riding is all about graceful vaulting often characterized by higher, shorter steps. The riders also have a relatively powerful connection with their horses, which itself is projected through the style.

Distinctive Features of English Saddles:

English saddles are known for their smaller, lightweight design, which allows for close contact between the rider and the horse. The forward seat of English saddles promotes a balanced and centered riding position.

Sub-Disciplines of English Horseback Riding Styles:

Much like Western Riding, English Riding also has been categorized into several sub-disciplines. The most common ones include dressage, show jumping, and eventing, which we will be covering in detail below.

Read Also: English vs. Western Saddle Riding: Comfort and Similarities

3. Dressage

Dressage Horseback riding styles

The Art of “Horse Ballet”:

Dressage, often referred to as “horse ballet,” is the epitome of precision and harmony between horse and rider. As the name suggests, this particular riding requires greater trust and key communication for the outcome to be elegant and as per standards.

Levels of Dressage:

Starting from pretty basic introductory tests, the levels for dressage become more and more complex and demanding as it progresses. Hence, riders need to be thorough with the steps and techniques for accessing greater control over their equine.

The Beauty of Dressage:

Dressage is a riding style that values bonding between a horse and its rider. When mastered, it allows you to perform sophisticated movements through subtle cues and movements. This is only possible if you have patience, and are dedicated to understanding these beautiful creatures.

4. Show Jumping

Show Jumping

The Thrill of Clearing Obstacles:

Show jumping is all about working with your horse in harmony. In this riding style, the rider has to pass through a series of jumps within a set time duration. Therefore, this exciting horseback riding style skill often requires greater precision and higher agility.

The Challenge of Timed Rounds:

In show jumping, riders aim to complete a course of jumps without knocking down any obstacles. The thrill comes not only from clearing these obstacles but also from completing the course within the allotted time.

The Connection Between Horse and Rider:

A deeper connection between the horse and its rider is a prerequisite if you want to learn show jumping. Your horse should trust you completely to be able to carry out commands at the right time.

5. Eventing

Eventing Horseback Riding

The Ultimate Test of Versatility:

A mix of dressage, cross-country, and show jumping, eventing has various levels. All these levels test the stamina, endurance, and originality of the rider and the equine and is often performed as a sport at many places.

Dressage Phase:

Eventing begins with the dressage phase, where riders demonstrate their ability to execute precise movements and transitions. This is the introductory benchmark of the whole riding style.

Cross-Country Phase:

The heart-pounding cross-country phase takes riders and horses through a challenging course filled with natural obstacles, water crossings, and varying terrain. These variations in the course help assess the performance much better.

Show Jumping Phase:

The eventing journey concludes with the show jumping phase, where riders must exhibit precision and control after the rigors of cross-country. The culmination of all three phases determines the victor.

Read More: Health & Safety: Horseback Riding Activity

6. Endurance Riding

Endurance Riding

A Test of Stamina and Resilience:

This form of horseback riding style judges the very limits of your equine’s stamina as well as your determination as a rider. Performed as long-distance races, a group of riders compete amongst each other across varying terrains to emerge as the winner.

The Significance of Horsemanship:

In endurance riding, horsemanship goes beyond riding skill. Apart from mastering the art, you should also master horse care and management. Only a healthy and well-taken-care horse can beat the demands of this excruciating challenge.

A Bond That Endures:

Endurance riders share a unique bond with their horses, forged through countless miles of challenging terrain. Similar to English Riding, the coupling between horse and rider is of utmost importance.

7. Trail Riding

Trail Riding

Exploring Nature on Horseback:

Trail riding offers a peaceful and leisurely way to connect with nature while astride a horse. If you are looking for a serene outdoor time, then trail riding your horse is the best way to achieve that.

Tranquility on Horseback:

There’s a special kind of tranquility that comes from the gentle sway of a horse’s gait as you meander along forest trails or open fields. Trail riding provides an opportunity to destress and thus is a nice activity to perform every once in a while.

Trail Riding Tips:

For those new to trail riding, there are important safety considerations and certain do’s and don’ts to keep in mind. This will allow both you and your horse to have a safe and memorable experience.

8. Vaulting Horse Riding Method



Gymnastics and Dance on Horseback:

An elegant combination between riding and gymnastics, vaulting is a highly popular form of sport. In this, vaulters perform intricate routines while the horse moves in a circle.

The Art of Balance:

As mentioned above, vaulting is a daunting task for inexperienced riders. You will need to have immense control over your balance to be able to handstand, pose, or perform flips on your equine’s back.

Teamwork and Trust:

Vaulting is a testament to the trust between the vaulter and the horse. The partnership between the two parties needs to be massively strong for this riding style.

9. Polo


The Sport of Kings:

A group game, Polo is often referred to as the “Sports of Kings”. Performed on horseback, two teams clash against each other to score goals while using their individual strategy, speed, and precision to outsmart the other.

Mallets and Maneuvers:

Polo players wield mallets to strike a ball and score goals. Once the ball is in movement, riders position their horses at specific positions to help their team carry on the game.

Teamwork and Horsemanship:

Polo is a true team sport. Previously played as an Olympic sport, apt coordination, and communication is vital for polo riding. However, unlike any riding style, this should be maintained throughout the team.

10. Rodeo


A Thrilling Showcase of Ranching Skills:

Rodeo is a thrilling and competitive horseback riding style deeply rooted in the traditions of ranching. It showcases the many challenges faced by men and women and their horses while working on cattle ranches.

Diverse Rodeo Events:

Rodeo consists of a wide range of events apart from the general horseback riding styles. These include bull riding, bronc riding, racing, and roping. Each of these events has its own set of risks and therefore needs to be mastered before attempting.

Rodeo Culture:

Rodeo is not only a sport but also a part of Western American culture. The many events included in this riding style are representations of the daily life struggle of cowboys and cowgirls and their equines.

See More:  How to Control and Steer a Horse in Horse Riding

11. Para-Equestrian Riding Disciplines

Para-Equestrian Riding Disciplines

Inclusivity in Equestrian Sports:

Now para-equestrian riding is a special horseback riding style that acknowledges the hurdles faced by individuals with disabilities. This skill requires vast amounts of physical stamina, zeal, and a proper bonding with the horse.

Different Classifications:

Para-equestrian sports include various classifications, depending on the nature and extent of a rider’s disability. These are there to ensure fair competition for all abilities.

Inspirational Stories:

There are numerous accounts of para-equestrian riding that speak volumes about the beautiful bonding between the horses and their riders. The duo work together to overcome obstacles and is a must for anyone with a disability and an interest in horseback riding styles.


As we conclude by going through the minutes of various horseback riding styles, it’s clear that equestrian riding is a highly beneficial experience. Whether you’re drawn to the precision and artistry of dressage, the thrill of clearing jumps in show jumping, the endurance challenges of cross-country eventing, or the rustic charm of Western riding, there’s a riding style that suits your passion and personality.

Horseback riding style is not limited to sport but is a wonderful testimony between humans and nature. With centuries of history binding us together, riding signifies the importance of communication without words, trust, and dedication. So, saddle up and start on your adventure. But before that make sure to be properly attuned with your four-legged partner and understand the basics of your preferred horseback riding styles.

Related Articles:

Is Horseback Riding a Good Exercise?

Benefits of Horseback Riding

Bridle: An Important Component of Horseback Riding

Injuries to Avoid in Horseback Riding

Written by

Thanks for dropping by! Sara is our blog writing expert and trained herself in endurance riding. Through her articles, she is trying to inform others more about equine life and its related terms.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *


Your Cart is Empty

Back To Shop